Those who knew or suspected a conspiracy, warned Caesar not to come to the Senate that day. His wife specifically told him not to go to the Senate, because she had a disturbing dream. Continue reading
Arch of Janus is the only arch in Rome that is open on all four sides. It was located on a very important intersection. Continue reading
Villa Medici was built in 1544 on the remains of an old Roman villa. The villa was named after Cardinal Ferdinando I de’ Medici, who bought it in 1576. This is where Galileo Galilei was held captive in 1633. Continue reading
Baths of Caracalla were built between 211 and 216 during emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla. The baths could fit 1,600 bathers. Apart from bathing, visitors had two public libraries at their disposal, one with Latin and the other one with Greek texts. Continue reading
On the left side of the Stradun Promenade, when facing the clock tower, is the Jewish Quarter. The Synagogue, which is still standing, was built in 1408. This is the oldest, still active synagogue of Spanish Sephardic Judaism in the world. It is also, after the synagogue in Prague, the second oldest synagogue in Europe. On its floor lies the Moorish rug which the Spanish Queen Isabella, the benefactor of Columbus, gave her Jewish physician.
A small square opens to you when you enter the historic center through the Pila Gate. In the center of the square stands the round Onofrio’s Fountain.
The first chapel left of the altar in the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo is the Ceresi Chapel with two famous paintings by Caravaggio, Crucifixion of St. Peter (1600) and Conversion on the Way to Damascus (1601). Caravaggio’s grotesque and extremely realistic compositions caused a lot of public controversy. Continue reading
In his depiction of the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Bernini fuses baroque expressivenes with counter-reformist mysticism in an extremely suggestive manner. There has always been criticism from the Church about too much eroticism.
This monumental church was designed by Michelangelo in 1561. It is 295 ft (90 m) long and 88 ft (27 m) wide, going 98 ft (30 m) in the air. It could have gone even higher, if Michalangelo had not leveled the floor with the street Continue reading
St. Peter’s Square is one of the most monumetal squares in Europe. It was made by a great Baroque artist and architect, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Pope Alexander VII asked Bernini to design a monumental square in front of St. Peter’s Basilica in 1656, taking into account the already existing structures. We are talking about two things: Continue reading